Articles
First steps or first days of training your puppy by Ilona Rodionova
The new member.

There comes a great time when you can take your puppy. Before you bring your
puppy home you should plan and prepare everything that he needs: bed, crate,
food, plates, toys, puppy pads, collar and lead, brush and comb.
A good breeder will give you the best suggestions about it.
You will also have to decide where the puppy is going to live and sleep when he
arrives. Organize his spot.
I would like to recommend that the best place is in a quiet, warm, draught-free
corner of the most used room in the house.
If you have a big house, you can organize two – three spots for your puppy.  
Don’t leave him alone. Dogs are social, pack animals they need contact with their
pack (family). The crate or fenced area should be an area where the dog can see
the other household members when they're home.
If you decide that your puppy will sleep with you, consider the risk involved.
Be sure to remove any electrical cords that your puppy might chew. Young puppies
explore the world with their mouths.
The best decision is to take the puppy in the morning at the beginning of the
weekend. This way you will spend two full days with your new family member.
Then your small "baby" can get used to his new owner and home. He will easily
forget his old house with mother, brothers and sisters. Give him a chance to get
accustomed. Be friendly and tolerant.
If you play with your puppy in the evening, he will sleep better at night.
During the first 2-3 days the puppy will be worried or upset and may whimper. He
may not let you sleep. Be patient, give him time.
The best way is if you have somebody who will take care for the new arrival for a
couple of months.
When you house- train your puppy, you need to be aware of where he is at all times.
In the first few weeks this is especially important until a routine has been
established with house-training.

The first few questions which people usually ask are:
When can we start to train our puppy?

Answer is: The time to begin training your puppy is when you bring him home.
You start toilet training right away. You can teach him his name by calling him and
giving him a treat. Show him his sleeping place, how to play with you, how to walk
on a leash, use the crate, etc. Also get him used to every day grooming and good
manners.
After a couple of days, you can start basic obedience.

How to teach him to go to the bathroom?

Toilet training:

Toy breeds are more difficult to house-train than big breeds because owners let
small dogs get away with behaviour which they'd never tolerate in big dogs.
You should know that a small dog’s metabolism happens more often than a big
dog’s. Puppies do not have a full sphincter muscle control until they reach
approximately 14 weeks of age. They simply can't hold their bladders and bowel
movements very long at a younger age. Please understand that he's not trying to
challenge your authority. It is Mother Nature.
First you should decide where your puppy will have his toilet. You have to decide if
you want him to do his business only outside or only inside, or your dog can do it
inside if you busy, and outside when you have time for it.
If you decide to organise a toilet at home, you can use: the litter trays, newspaper
or puppy pads.

It doesn’t matter what you decide but during the first few months, you should control
your puppy at all times. When you are busy, keep him in his crate, or fenced area to
prevent an accident.

If you can control your pup, the less chance of an accident.

Take him out or in (at his toilet) every hour, after every sleep, every meal, and long
play. He will need to go to the bathroom frequently-probably every waking hour
during his first four months. Then take him out every one-two hours during 4-6
months. Reward him every time when he does his business at the right place.
If there is bad weather outside, or dark, you'll probably discover that your dog does
not want to go outside. Don’t stop your training. If you let him go inside because it's
raining, he will soon expect you to let him go inside because he doesn't feel like
going outside. If you want him to go outside, he must go outside every time.
Start toilet training, but be reasonable when he acts like a puppy.
You must clean up his accidents with an enzyme cleaner such as Nature's Miracle,
Outright Pet Odor Eliminator or similar product which you can buy in a pet store.
This removes his scent from the area.
If you notice that he starts to do his business in a wrong place, take him
immediately and bring to his regular potty area.
Every day, show him gently that he has no chance to do his business in any place
he wants. In your house you have rules for everybody. Every time when you bring
your puppy to the “toilet”, you can use some special “command”.  For example: “Go
potty”, “Get busy”, “Go piss”, whatever…
If you are attentive, soon you will find that all dogs favourite places for their
business, they like to go in the same place over and over. This knowledge is helpful
when toilet training our puppy.
Have him go to the toilet BEFORE you start the walk. Don’t mix up walking and
toilet training. Never start his walk until he does his business. If he doesn’t want,
give him the opportunity and wait for a few minutes. If nothing happens, put him
back in a crate or watch him all the time to prevent accidents, and try again in an
hour. You should do this until you have succeeded. Then you can take him for a
walk. It is uncomfortable, but it is special training, and soon you will see results.
If you work all day, take him immediately when you wake up and bring him to the
toilet. Somebody can hold the puppy before you get ready to go out. Then you can
walk with him. After he does his business you can play a little bit, feed him and then
take him to the toilet again. Leave him in a room with whatever you want him to use
as a toilet—papers, litter box, etc. Put water, some toys and a chew bone there.
Also consider leaving on a radio. As soon as you get home, take him to his toilet.
Go for a walk or play with him, feed him and then take him to his toilet again. Right
before you put him to bed for the night, take him to his toilet.

Crate.

When novice dog owners see a crate, they usually think—prison. They feel guilty.
Crates can help to prevent any accident, and help teach your puppy to do his
business in the right spot. Also, they can be the best place where dogs like to
sleep.
You never know what can happen in your or your dog’s life in the future: your dog
may get sick and will be required to stay in a vet Clinic in a crate. If you go on a trip
and take the plane, dogs are required to stay in a crate. If your dog knows how to
use a crate, he will not have stress in such situations and he will feel more
comfortable and secure.
The crate should be large enough for the puppy to stand up, turn around and lie
down comfortably. If the crate is too large, the dog may sleep in one corner and
piss in another.
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